Who Rules Helheim

Who Rules Helheim?

Helheim, also known as Hel, is a realm in Norse mythology that serves as the abode of the dead. It is often described as a cold and desolate place, ruled by a powerful deity known as Hel, after whom the realm is named. But who truly rules Helheim? In this article, we will explore the various aspects of Helheim, including its ruler, the beings that inhabit it, and the myths surrounding this intriguing realm of the Norse cosmos.

Helheim, as one of the nine worlds in Norse mythology, is situated beneath the roots of the great world tree Yggdrasil. It is depicted as a vast and gloomy realm, encompassing icy landscapes, freezing rivers, and cavernous halls. The ruler of Helheim, Hel, is a complex and enigmatic figure, often depicted as half-dead and half-alive. She is the daughter of the trickster god Loki and the giantess Angrboða, making her a member of the chaotic and unpredictable Jötunn race.

Hel’s appearance is said to reflect her dual nature. Her upper half appears as a beautiful woman, while her lower half is depicted as a decaying corpse. This duality symbolizes her dominion over both the living and the dead. Hel is often portrayed as a stern and formidable ruler, maintaining strict control over her realm. She governs over those who die from natural causes or old age, as well as those who have not met a heroic death on the battlefield.

The inhabitants of Helheim are a diverse mix of souls. The majority are those who have led ordinary lives and have not distinguished themselves in any particular way. These souls are fated to spend an eternity in the gloomy halls of Helheim, devoid of any joy or pleasure. However, there are exceptions to this rule. Those who have committed great sins or crimes in their lifetime may face punishment within Helheim. These punishments can vary, ranging from torment by monstrous creatures to being trapped in a frozen lake, depending on the severity of their transgressions.

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Apart from the ordinary souls, Helheim is also home to various creatures and entities. One such entity is Garm, a monstrous hound who guards the entrance to the realm. It is said that when the time of Ragnarök, the apocalyptic battle, arrives, Garm will break free from his chains and join the forces of chaos in the final battle against the gods. Additionally, Helheim is said to be inhabited by various other beings, such as draugr, restless spirits that haunt the living, and various other undead creatures.


Q: Is Helheim a place of punishment?
A: While Helheim is not solely a place of punishment, it does hold souls who have committed great sins or crimes during their lifetime. These individuals may face various forms of torment or imprisonment in Helheim, depending on the severity of their actions.

Q: Can anyone enter Helheim?
A: No, Helheim is not accessible to everyone. It serves as a resting place for those who die from natural causes or old age, as well as those who have not died heroically on the battlefield. It is believed that the god Heimdallr is the only being capable of traversing between realms and entering Helheim.

Q: What happens to warriors who die in battle?
A: Warriors who die heroically in battle are not destined for Helheim. Instead, they are chosen by the Valkyries, divine maidens who serve Odin, the Allfather. These fallen warriors are taken to the grand hall of Valhalla, where they will feast and prepare for the final battle of Ragnarök.

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In conclusion, Helheim is a realm ruled by the enigmatic deity Hel, daughter of Loki and Angrboða. It serves as a resting place for ordinary souls and those who have committed sins or crimes during their lifetime. Helheim is a desolate and gloomy realm, inhabited by various beings and guarded by Garm, the monstrous hound. While it may not be accessible to everyone, Helheim remains an intriguing aspect of Norse mythology, reflecting the complex beliefs and ideas of the ancient Norse people.

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