What Viewpoint Led Umar to This Trait of Islamic Rule?

What Viewpoint Led Umar to This Trait of Islamic Rule?


Umar ibn al-Khattab, also known as Umar the Great, was the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate and one of the most influential figures in the early history of Islam. During his reign, Umar displayed a unique trait of Islamic rule, which was shaped by his particular viewpoint on governance and justice. This article aims to explore the viewpoint that led Umar to this trait and shed light on his remarkable leadership style.

Umar’s Viewpoint on Governance:

Umar believed in the principle of Shura, which promotes consultation and collective decision-making. This viewpoint was rooted in the teachings of Islam, which emphasize the importance of unity and cooperation within the Muslim community. By seeking the opinions of his advisors and consulting with the people, Umar ensured a participatory approach to governance. This style not only allowed for diverse perspectives to be considered but also enhanced the legitimacy of his decisions.

Furthermore, Umar strongly believed in the rule of law and justice. He established a robust legal system that applied equally to all individuals, regardless of their social status. Umar’s commitment to justice was so profound that he once famously declared, “Even if a dog dies on the banks of the Euphrates, Umar will be held responsible for it in front of Allah.” This statement exemplifies his sense of responsibility and dedication to ensuring justice for all.

Umar’s Trait of Islamic Rule:

One of the prominent traits of Umar’s rule was his emphasis on accountability. He implemented a system of checks and balances to prevent abuse of power and corruption. Umar introduced financial reforms, including strict monitoring of public funds and the establishment of a central treasury. These measures ensured transparency and accountability, which were essential in maintaining the trust of the Muslim community.

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Umar also emphasized the need for officials to be accessible and responsive to the needs of the people. He established a system whereby anyone could approach him directly with their grievances or concerns. This approach allowed Umar to stay connected with the grassroots, understand the challenges faced by the Muslim community, and take prompt actions to address them.

Umar’s trait of Islamic rule was also characterized by his emphasis on social welfare. He introduced various welfare programs to alleviate poverty and support the underprivileged. Umar established a state-funded welfare system known as the Bayt al-Mal, which provided financial assistance to widows, orphans, and the needy. This system ensured that the basic needs of the community were met and promoted social harmony.


Q: How did Umar’s viewpoint on governance differ from the previous caliphs?

A: Umar’s viewpoint on governance differed from the previous caliphs in terms of his emphasis on consultation and accountability. While the previous caliphs made decisions based on their own judgments, Umar sought the opinions of others and believed in collective decision-making. Additionally, Umar implemented measures to ensure transparency and prevent abuse of power, which were not as pronounced in the previous caliphates.

Q: How did Umar’s emphasis on justice impact Islamic rule?

A: Umar’s emphasis on justice had a profound impact on Islamic rule. It ensured that all individuals, regardless of their social status, were treated fairly and equally under the law. This created a sense of trust and unity within the Muslim community, fostering a just and harmonious society.

Q: Did Umar’s trait of Islamic rule have any long-term effects?

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A: Yes, Umar’s trait of Islamic rule had long-term effects. His emphasis on consultation, accountability, and justice set a precedent for future Muslim rulers. Many of his policies and administrative reforms were adopted and expanded upon by subsequent caliphs, contributing to the development of a just and well-governed Islamic state.


Umar’s unique viewpoint on governance, rooted in principles of consultation, justice, and accountability, shaped his remarkable trait of Islamic rule. His emphasis on collective decision-making, transparency, and social welfare left a lasting impact on the history of Islam. Umar’s leadership style serves as an inspiration for future generations, highlighting the importance of justice, inclusivity, and responsible governance in any society.

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