# To Search for the Population of Nigeria What Is the Correct Vlookup Syntax?

To Search for the Population of Nigeria: What Is the Correct Vlookup Syntax?

When it comes to analyzing data in spreadsheets, Microsoft Excel is a popular tool widely used by professionals across different industries. One of Excel’s powerful functions is VLOOKUP, which allows users to search for specific information within a dataset. If you are looking to find the population of Nigeria using VLOOKUP, it is essential to understand the correct syntax and how to apply it effectively. In this article, we will explore the correct VLOOKUP syntax and provide answers to frequently asked questions about its usage.

Understanding VLOOKUP Syntax:
The VLOOKUP function in Excel has a defined syntax, which must be followed to obtain accurate results. The syntax for VLOOKUP is as follows:

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup])

• lookup_value: This is the value or cell reference that you want to search for in the leftmost column of the table or range.
• table_array: This is the range of cells that contains the data you want to search in. It should include at least two columns, with the leftmost column containing the lookup values.
• col_index_num: This is the column number (starting from 1) in the table_array from which you want to retrieve the data.
• range_lookup: This is an optional argument that determines whether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match. If omitted, Excel assumes an approximate match.

Applying VLOOKUP to Find the Population of Nigeria:
To find the population of Nigeria using VLOOKUP, you need a dataset that includes the country names in the leftmost column and the corresponding population values in another column. Let’s assume you have a dataset in columns A and B, with column A containing the country names and column B containing population values.

To retrieve the population of Nigeria, follow these steps:

1. Select a cell where you want the result to appear.
2. Enter the VLOOKUP formula: =VLOOKUP(“Nigeria”, A:B, 2, FALSE)
3. Press Enter to get the population value.

In this example, “Nigeria” is the lookup value, A:B represents the table_array, 2 indicates that we want to retrieve the population from the second column (column B), and FALSE ensures an exact match.

1. Can VLOOKUP be used to search for partial matches?
Yes, VLOOKUP can be used to search for partial matches by including the wildcard symbol (*). For example, to search for all countries starting with “Nig,” you can use the formula =VLOOKUP(“Nig*”, A:B, 2, FALSE).

2. What happens if the lookup value is not found in the dataset?
If the lookup value is not found in the leftmost column of the dataset, VLOOKUP returns an error value (#N/A). To handle this, you can use the IFERROR function to display a custom message when no match is found.

3. Can VLOOKUP search for values in multiple columns?
No, VLOOKUP can only search for values in the leftmost column of the table_array. If you need to search for values in multiple columns, you can use alternative functions like INDEX and MATCH.

4. How can I search for approximate matches using VLOOKUP?
To search for approximate matches, you need to set the range_lookup argument to TRUE or omit it from the formula. This allows VLOOKUP to find the closest match when an exact match is not available.